Guide Bioethics and Armed Conflict: Moral Dilemmas of Medicine and War (Basic Bioethics)

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Bioethics and Armed Conflict: Moral Dilemmas of Medicine and War – By Michael L. Gross

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  2. Systems Thinking, : Managing Chaos and Complexity: A Platform for Designing Business Architecture
  3. Bioethics and Armed Conflict
  4. Gross: Caring for Compatriots: Military Necessity before Medical Need?:

NB: this course will involve pages of additional reading per seminar so it is appropriate for students interested in committing to this extra reading load. Readings will be made available in early May so students can get a head start. Responsibility and Moral Conflicts. What does it mean to be a morally responsible agent? What happens to our sense of responsibility when we face conflicting interests, values, or obligations? What happens when moral theories conflict? This seminar explores the complex and problematic issues that arise at the intersection of moral responsibility and moral conflicts.

Building upon the basic foundations of ethical theory, we will begin the course by examining the nature of agency and responsibility. While many historical traditions emphasize having a free will or being properly informed, recent work encourages us to focus on how we naturally respond to others and to ourselves. We will examine whether or not any of these accounts help us to evaluate — to praise or blame — agents faced with extremely difficult decisions.

Authors and Affiliations

In medical emergencies, just like in many high-stakes political contexts, action must be taken, even when the right thing to do is far from clear. Participants will be encouraged to discuss a host of perplexing case studies and to question the adequacy of some of the most widely-accepted ethical theories. His dissertation analyzes the psychology of moral distress among nurses and physicians, and challenges the predominant accounts by arguing for the positive value of moral distress in medical practice.

Religious Reasoning in Bioethics.

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With regard to the emergence and development of bioethics, one could argue that while theological ethicists helped to shape the questions and concerns of the field in the s, religious perspectives have gradually been phased out of public discourse. Religious beliefs are often treated as private ethical commitments that are indefensible, cannot speak to public normative discussions, and should not be invoked in decisions about legal policies; in fact, the very idea of religious reasons may seem contradictory, as there is a long-standing tradition of viewing religion as irrational or a-rational.

Nevertheless, the insights and values of religious traditions and communities seem to have survived the alleged secularization of bioethics; and insofar as religious adherents continue to encounter and make contributions to the field, they are beholden to engage in the normative practice of providing reasons for their positions.

Some of the questions we will ask in this seminar include: Can religious reasons appeal to those outside of the religious communities that invoke them? Must religious reasoning avoid relying on unverifiable theological claims in order to be persuasive? To see how some of these questions have practical import, we will discuss individual legal cases where religious reasoning has played a role in bioethical issues.

Adjunct Professor, Depts. He attended the Sherwin B. Nuland Summer Institute in Bioethics, and teaches courses on morality, bioethics, the Catholic intellectual tradition, and world religions at the high school and college levels. Bias in Bioethics. What is the difference between female genital mutilation and labiaplasty?

How do biomedical advances such as artificial reproductive technologies; organ transplantations; and the discovery of new medicines and treatment affect equity for different groups of people? Are bioengineering and industrialized food production a solution for world hunger, or a threat to our health and the environment? What is the tension between end-of-life care and aid in dying on one hand, and extreme poverty on the other? How does one justify continuous, infinite growth on a finite planet? These are the kind of questions we will try to answer in this seminar. This course will help you recognize cultural and contextual bias in bioethical issues.

It will also make apparent how these biases impact the principles of autonomy, non-maleficence, beneficence, and justice. The main goal is to acquire a greater understanding of different perspectives and their value and to uncover and identify our own biases, so as to strengthen our ability to critically assess arguments in bioethics. During the discussions, we will examine the tensions between the North and South, the current and future generations, between the rich and poor, between the fortunate and less fortunate whoever you may think those to be , on national as well as international level.

Mayli has a background in journalism and worked as an international correspondent until , living in 12 different countries and traveling all over the world including North, West, and South Africa and the Middle East. Public Health Ethics. From West Africa experienced the largest outbreak of Ebola in history. There were over 28, cases of Ebola, with 11, people left dead. Many responded to this public health emergency including various international and national governmental agencies as well as non-governmental organizations and individuals.

Systems Thinking, : Managing Chaos and Complexity: A Platform for Designing Business Architecture

Most importantly to our context, the outbreak sparked a live debate among bioethicists. Ensuring the health and well-being of a population is a fundamental goal of public health. Thus, a central question in public health ethics involves the balances of public good and personal liberty. Using the Ebola Outbreak as a case study, the course will introduce students to ethics in public health. The first half of the course will cover the history and general principles of public health ethics, the notion of social justice as a core element, and the social determinants of health.

The second half of the course will focus on specific topics and case studies, including vaccination, quarantine and isolation. The course aims to provide an understanding of the international human rights protection framework in healthcare context and to explore linkages between health, healthcare and human rights both how human rights violations undermine health and how the protection and promotion of human rights can contribute to improved health status.

At the end of the course, the students are expected to be able to scrutinize human rights violations, and those practicing medicine, are enabled to work in human rights compliant manner. Kavot holds a LL. Her position involves research and teaching in the field of administrative, medical law, and human rights law.

Bioethics and Armed Conflict

Santa Slokenberga. Santa holds a LL. Her research focuses on the coexistence of the EU and Council of Europe in regulating health-related direct-to-consumer genetic testing.

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Currently, she is a legal expert in B3Africa project and works towards bridging biobank research in Europe and Africa. In addition, she has been teaching in the fields of EU law and medical law and since Prior to starting her doctoral studies, Santa Slokenberga worked as a legal advisor for Deloitte Latvia.

Ethical issues in psychiatry and child psychiatry. The aim of this seminar is to explore emerging ethical issues in psychiatry through professional and personal experiences, with case study analysis and discussion of the latest developments in scientific literature and thinking in the bioethics of psychiatry. The seminar series will look at identifying and dissecting ethical issues in psychiatric diagnosis and treatment. It will focus on issues such as gender dysphoria in adolescents and adults, personal autonomy in psychiatry and involuntary treatment, the use of legal and restricted drugs for psychiatric treatment, the bioethics of psychoanalysis, and more.

In the context of the bioethics of psychiatry, participants will develop speaking skills, an understanding of dialectic argument based on principles of bioethics, and advanced skills in critical analysis. Santiago Peregalli. Santiago is a graduate of the Yale Summer Bioethics Institute in the class of Ethics at the End of Life.

This seminar will explore complex and sensitive ethical issues that arise at the end of life, including: the meaning of "death," the question of a right to die, considerations at play in end-of-life policies including physician aid in dying , disability perspectives on end-of-life policies, and end-of-life disputes in the clinical setting. Students will participate in rigorous seminar discussions and a bioethics mediation simulation at the end of the course. We will also be hosting a very special panel with guest speakers about perspectives on the end of life across religious traditions.

Cardozo School of Law. Her work has focused on mourning, melancholia, and metamorphosis in Classical literature; and on narrative ethics, narrative medicine, bioethics mediation, the ethics of genetics technology, and disability law in the realm of bioethics. Currently, Shawna is a Postdoctoral Fellow studying the ethical, legal, and social implications of genetics at Columbia University.

Cross Cultural Bioethics in Obstetrics and Pediatrics. This seminar will explore a variety of ethical issues that arise when becoming pregnant and leading up to childhood: beginning with pre-implantation diagnosis and screening, embryo disposition, then prenatal diagnosis and genetic counseling in early pregnancy, abortion also including access by minors to abortion and birth control , treatment of premature babies, explaining illness to children.

This course will present six cases from these respective stages and examine the cross-cultural ethical issues that arise mainly, U. Often, patients and medical professionals are confronted with difficulty in dealing with these issues due to the wide range of circumstances, governments, policies, religions, and cultural values prevalent in that region. Through discussing these cases, students will learn to recognize and address the cultural dilemmas faced by medical professionals, patients and their families in health care settings, as well as gaining respect for the universal components of biomedical ethics.

She recieved her PhD in and her dissertation was on the decision-making process of fate of frozen embryos for infertile women in Japan, focusing on the cultrural implications on how embryos are percieved. In addition, after the great eastern earthquake in in Japan, she has been involved in disaster medical ethics. Best book of the year- selection in military, science, and technology. Bioethics and Armed Conflict is a trenchant, unflinching, and in many ways highly original analysis of some of the most complex problems in human affairs.

Perhaps even more impressive, Michael Gross opens up new dimensions for bioethical debate that will keep future scholars busy for a long, long time. This book has the potential to become a scholarly classic.

Gross: Caring for Compatriots: Military Necessity before Medical Need?:

The work is extremely well-researched and original, and this is the most complete treatment of the subject matter with which I am familiar. Robert Baker.

Difference Between Bioethics and Medical Ethics

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